_____________ 2018 ____________

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Kathryn Kauffman

Fabiola Miranda-Sanchez (fmiranda@mit.edu)

Gabriel Leventhal (gaberoo@mit.edu)


Wednesdays 4:00 – 5:00 PM

In Parsons Laboratory – MIT building 48 room 316 – map

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Feb 28  Lori Shapiro, Harvard Medical School

“Evolution of a New World Pathogen to an Old World Host”

Mar 7  Severin Schink, Harvard Medical School

“Why bacteria die exponentially during starvation”

Mar 14  Thomas Hackl, MIT

“My enemy’s enemy: How host-virophage mutualism provides population level defense against pathogenic giant viruses”

Apr 4  David Gootenberg, Harvard Medical School

Title coming soon

Apr 11  Pia Moisander, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth

Title coming soon

Apr 25  Kathrin Näpflin, Harvard University

“CRISPR-Cas array diversity among Mycoplasmas infecting House Finches and Poultry”

May 2  Brittany Widner, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

“The detection and evaluation of a novel nitrogen source in marine systems: cyanate.”

May 9  Thane Papke, University of Connecticut

“DNA uptake, epigenetics, and phosphate cycling are intertwined processes in the archaeon Haloferax volcanii

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Previous speakers

Nov 15, 2017  Nathan Ahlgren, Clark University

“Quantifying the relative influence of environmental factors and viruses on seasonal patterns of ecologically distinct populations within marine Synechococcus ecotypes”

Nov 1, 2017  Aspen Reese, Harvard

“Ecological Dynamics of the Gut Microbiota”

Oct 4, 2017  Fabiola Miranda, Polz Lab, MIT

“Being a legume and finding your rhizobial partner: Diversity patterns of bacterial communities in soils unearth strong selection. “

Aug 23, 2017  Yinon Bar-On, Milo Lab, Weizmann Institute of Science
“The distribution of Biomass on Earth”

Aug 1, 2017  Sebastián Fuentes, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

“Anthropogenic Pressure over the Antarctic Microbial World: Stability of Soil Communities Facing Hydrocarbon Pollution Disturbance”

May 22, 2017   Ying ZhangUniversity of Rhode Island

“Simulating the metabolism and evolution of microbial systems using genome-scale models”

May 17, 2017   Scott ChimileskiKolter Lab, Harvard Medical School

“Time-lapse, ultra-high resolution photography and 3D modeling of macroscopic microbial structures and behaviors”

May 3, 2017   Anthony Poole, Canterbury University

“Exploring molecular origins using synthetic biology, experimental evolution & genomics”

Apr 24, 2017  Joshua Payne, University of Zurich

“A thousand empirical adaptive landscapes and their navigability”

Apr 12, 2017  Kristen DeAngelis, UMass Amherst

“The Who and How of Microbial Control over Soil Carbon Dynamics”

Apr 5, 2017    Jo Wolfe, Fournier Lab, MIT                  

 ”Dating the Tree of Life using fossils and phylogenomics”

Mar 28, 2017 Chris Bowler, Institut de Biologie de l’Ecole Normale Supérieure (IBENS)

Tara Oceans: Eco-Systems Biology at Planetary Scale”

Feb 8, 2017    James Pipas, University of Pittsburgh

“Exploring the viral universe and the panviral proteome”

Dec 14, 2016  Tim EnkeCordero Lab, MIT

“Microbial interactions on microscale marine model particles.”

Nov 16, 2016  Shane HogleChisholm Lab, MIT

“Signatures of iron cycling in marine microbial genomes and ecosystems”

Nov 9, 2016    Daniel MendeDeLong Lab, University of Hawai’i

“Exploring a genomic inflection point in the twilight zone of the ocean’s interior at station ALOHA”

Oct 19, 2016     David Johnson, EAWAG

“The causes of microbial biodiversity”

Oct 5, 2016  Sidhartha GoyalUniversity of Toronto

“Achieving ‘optimal’ growth using feedback inhibition”

Sep 28, 2016 Zachary FrentzRockefeller University

“Strongly deterministic dynamics in microbial ecosytems”

Sep 21, 2016  Salvador Almagro Moreno, Taylor Lab, Dartmouth College

“Ecological and evolutionary approaches to unravel the emergence of pathogenic Vibrios”

Aug 10, 2016 Maria Elena Martino, Institut de Genomique Fonctionnelle de Lyon

“How mutualism evolves: experimental microbiome evolution in gnobiotic flies”

July 28, 2016 Burak Avci, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology

“Ecophysiology of recurrent bacteria associated with North Sea spring phytoplankton blooms”

May 25, 2016 Winn Johnson, Kujawinski Lab, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

“What can metabolomics teach us about microbial activity in the ocean?”

May 18, 2016 Gabriel Leventhal, Cordero Lab, MIT

“The evolutionary history and future of microbial communities”

May 11, 2016 Jen Nguyen, Stocker Lab, ETH Zurich

“Fluctuating nutrient environments and their implications on bacterial growth”

May 4, 2016 Robert Citorik, Lu Lab, MIT

“Engineered Bacteriophages as Precision Antimicrobials”

Apr 27, 2016 Wolfgang HessUniversity of Freiburg

“Little Bugs – Big Impact: Functional Assignments to non-coding RNAs
in the Regulation of Gene Expression in Cyanobacteria” 

Apr 20, 2016 Jaclyn Saunders, University of Washington

Prochlorococcus response to phosphate stress”

Apr 13, 2016 Robert Brucker, Rowland Institute at Harvard

“The evolving hologenome: how natural selection can shape interactions
of host immunity and microbiota.”

Apr 6, 2016  Alvaro Sanchez, Rowland Institute at Harvard

“Ecology and evolution of extracellular molecules in microbial communities”

Mar 30, 2016 Julia Schwartzman, Gilmore Lab, Harvard Medical School, Mass. Eye & Ear Inf. 

“Rhythms in the squid-vibrio symbiosis”

Mar 9, 2016 Michael Tikhonov, Harvard     

“Cohesion without cooperation: a top-down perspective on community ecology”

Mar 2, 2016 Peter WeigeleNew England Biolabs 

“DNA hypermodification in bacterial viruses”

Feb 24, 2016 Stefan ThielePolz Lab, MIT 

“LOHAFEX – Lessons from the last iron fertilization experiment” 

Feb 10, 2016 Ewen CameronCollins Lab, MIT

“Synthetic biology tools to study microbial systems and engineer probiotic bacteria”

Dec 16, 2015 Mark Smith, OpenBiome

“Microbiome Engineering: from current practice to future therapy”

Dec 9, 2015 Nichola HillRunstadler Lab, MIT

“Evidence of seasonality in a host-pathogen system:
Influenza across the annual cycle of wild birds”

Dec 2, 2015 Sean GibbonsAlm Lab, MIT

“Protein expression levels constrain evolutionary trajectories
during genome streamlining”

Nov 4, 2015 Xinning Zhang Paulot, Morel Lab, Princeton University

“The importance of alternative nitrogenases in N2 fixation in the past and present”

Oct 28, 2015 Kat Coyte, University of Oxford

“The ecology of the microbiome: networks, competition, and stability”

Oct 22, 2015 Assaf Vardi, Weizmann Institute of Science

“A chemical arms race during host-virus interactions at sea”

Oct 14, 2015 Frederique Le RouxStation Biologique Roscoff

“Oyster as a model to investigate the functional units of Vibrio pathogenesis”

Sept 30, 2015 Jennifer TalbotBoston University

“Microbial diversity and the carbon cycle: insights from soil fungal communities”

June 10, 2015 Michelle O’MalleyUC Santa Barbara

“Exploiting Anaerobes for Biomass Breakdown and Sustainable Chemistry”

May 20, 2015 Jeff BowmanLamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

“Metabolic inference: Can we bridge the gap between microbial community structure
and ecosystem function?”

May 6, 2015 Mathieu GroussinAlm Lab, MIT

“Disentangling the effects of host phylogeny and diet in mammalian microbiomes”

May 1, 2015 Matt JohnsonWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution

“Chemical signaling and grazing defense in phytoplankton”

Apr 23, 2015 Tim van OpijnenBoston College

“Host-genetics and fluid bacterial genomes
make virulence and drug-resistance context dependent”

Apr 8, 2015 Katherine LemonThe Forsyth Institute, Harvard Medical School, & Boston Children’s Hospital

“Nose Picking for Progress: Mining the Nostril Microbiome
for New Insights into Pathobionts”

Apr 1, 2015 Lee Alan DugatkinUniversity of Louisville – Co-hosted by the MIT Biophysics Seminar

“Altruism Writ Small: E.coli Cells Protect One Another From Antibiotics”

Mar 25, 2015 Elena KazamiaUniversity of Cambridge

“Synthetic ecology: using microalgae and bacteria for biotechnology”

Feb 18, 2015 Joshua MeiselKim Lab, MIT

“Is it food or is it poison? How worms navigate their microbial world”

Feb 11, 2015 Assaf RotemWeitz Lab, Harvard

“Studying viruses, one by one”

Feb 4, 2015 Daniel SegreBoston University

“Metabolic modeling of microbial ecosystems in time and space”

Dec 10, 2014 Heather OlinsGirguis Lab, Harvard

“Co-registered geochemistry and metatranscriptomics reveal
an unexpected distribution of microbial activity within a hydrothermal vent field”

Dec 3, 2014 Ben WolfeTufts University

“Dissecting microbial diversity using cheese rinds”

Nov 19, 2014 Steve SmrigaStocker Lab, MIT

Dissecting the Phycosphere: Upscaling Bacterial Consumption Near Individual Diatoms
to Predict Population Growth

Nov 5, 2014 Einat SegevKolter Lab, Harvard

“Life, Death and Geology in Algal-Bacterial Interaction”

Oct 29, 2014 Kwangmin SonStocker Lab, MIT

“Live imaging of viral encounter and adsorption”

Oct 22, 2014 Tami LiebermanKishony Lab, Harvard

“Within-patient diversification of bacterial infections”

Oct 15, 2014 Beate Kraft,Girguis Lab, Harvard

“Environmental controls on microbial nitrate reduction:
Denitrification or dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA)”

Oct 8, 2014 Kristen Hunter-CeveraSosik Lab, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

“Population dynamics and diversity of Synechococcus on the New England Shelf”

Sep 24, 2014 Matt TraxlerKolter Lab, Harvard

“Complex interspecies interactions between actinomycetes”

Aug 20, 2014 Susumu YoshizawaDeLong Lab, MIT

“What colors of light do microbes use?”

July 23, 2014 Justin MeyerHarvard Medical School

“Evolution of a key innovation in a virus”

July 14, 2014 Toby KiersVrije Universiteit, Amsterdam

“The Evolution and Stability of Microbial Markets”

May 21, 2014 Andreas SchrammAarhus University, Denmark

“Unlikely seafloor-dwellers: from bacterial cables to the energy-limited deep biosphere”

May 7, 2014 Oscar SosaDeLong Lab, MIT

“A Sea of Dissolved Organic Matter: How do Bacteria Break it Down?”

Apr 30, 2014 Steven BillerChisholm Lab, MIT

“Bacterial extracellular vesicles in marine ecosystems”

Apr 23, 2014 Yutaka YawataStocker Lab, MIT

“Steady or ready? A competition-dispersal trade-off ecologically differentiates
recently speciated marine bacterioplankton population

Feb 26, 2014 Pushkar Lele, Berg Lab, Harvard

“Adaptation via remodeling of protein complexes in the bacterial flagellar motor”

Dec 18, 2013 Paul TurnerYale

“RNA virus adaptation (or not) to environmental change”

Dec 11, 2013 Jonathan KingMIT

“Structural Organization and Intracellular Assembly of Cyanophage Syn5
Infecting Marine Synechococcus

Nov 14, 2013 Gavin SherlockStanford University

“Attack of the Clones: Observing Adaptive Evolution in Yeast in Real Time”

Oct 2, 2013 Kimberley SeedCamilli Lab, Tufts University

“Microbial warfare: Evolutionary dynamics between epidemic Vibrio cholerae
and a predatory phage”

Sept 18, 2013 Carol ArnostiUNC Chapel Hill

“Heterotrophic microbial communities as selective catalysts in the marine carbon cycle”

Sep 11, 2013 Kei InomuraFollows Group, MIT

“How does nitrogen fixation slow down the growth of diazotrophs?
Numerical analysis of Azotobacter vinelandii”

May 15, 2013 Krista LongneckerWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution

“Linking bacterial processes and dissolved organic matter in marine ecosystems”

May 8, 2013 Tracy MincerWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution

“Production of methanol by a wide phylogenetic array of phytoplankton
and implications for epibiont interactions”

May 1, 2013 Daniel WeinreichBrown University

“How Demography Influences Microbial Adaptive Trajectories in Theory and Practice”

Apr 17, 2013 Diane MuneraWaldor Lab, Harvard

“The German E. coli O104:H4 outbreak strain:
genomics and virulence of an emerging pathogen”

Apr 10, 2013 Paul BerubeChisholm Lab, MIT

“Nitrate assimilation and the ecology of Prochlorococcus:
Features and implications of intraspecific diversity in a model marine phototroph”

Apr 3, 2013 Laura MeredithPrinn Lab, MIT

“Soil microbial H2 harvesting: energy from thin air?”

Mar 20, 2013 Mira GuoWeitz Lab, Harvard

“Droplet microfluidics for high-throughput single-cell metagenomics”

Mar 13, 2013 Kristina FontanezDeLong Lab, MIT

“Ecology and evolution of hydrothermal vent mussel symbionts”

Mar 6, 2013 Christopher CorzettPolz Lab, MIT

“Fitness during feast and famine:
How error-prine DNA polymerases influence physiology and evolution in E.coli

Feb 27, 2013 Peter GogartenUniversity of Connecticut

“Phylogenomics and Darwin’s ‘Coral-of-Life’ in light of horizontal gene transfer”

Feb 20, 2013 Sarah PreheimAlm Lab, MIT

“Using Ecology to Improve the Accuracy of Amplicon Data
from Next-Generation Sequencing”

Dec 5, 2012 Jan-Hendrik HehemannPolz Lab, MIT

“Microbe Matter Interactions: From the Ocean to the Human Intestine”

Nov 28, 2012 Howard OchmanYale

“3000 bacterial genomes: What have we learned?”

Nov 21, 2012 Nicole DeNiscoWalker Lab, MIT

“A novel method for synchronization of the legume symbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti
and application towards global cell cycle gene expression analysis”

Nov 14, 2012 Ramunas StepanauskasBigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

“Single cell genomics: A straightforward approach to microbial ecology and evolution”

Nov 7, 2012 Eric WommackUniversity of Delaware

“The viriosphere: Ecological, biological, and genetic contrasts
of viruses across the biosphere”

Oct 31, 2012 Qinglu ZengChisholm Lab, MIT

“Regulatory cascades in cyanophages and their hosts
in response to environmental resource limitation”

Oct 24, 2012 Philippe ConstantINRS Montreal

“Hydrogenovore bacteria: Is starvation diet the missing link
in the biogeochemical cycle of molecular hydrogen?”

Oct 17, 2012 Nicole KavanaughRibbeck Lab, MIT

“Mucin Biopolymers Prevent Bacterial Aggregation
by Retaining Cells in the Free-swimming State”

Oct 10, 2012 Melissa GarrenStocker Lab, MIT

“Diving into the Unseen: Visualizing Live Coral-Bacteria Interactions”

Sep 26, 2012 Will TrimbleMeyer & MG-RAST Group, Argonne National Laboratory

“Counting kmers: how much can you say about NGS sequencing data
if you don’t know anything?”

May 16, 2012 John PaulUniversity of South Florida

“Genetic Escape Pods or Promiscuous Little B$&@tards – GTAs in the Oceans”

May 9, 2012 Orr ShapiroStocker Lab, MIT

“Microbial community development in a wastewater treatment system:
some insights into microdiversity and what phage might be doing there”

Apr 25, 2012 Lina YousefMasdar Institute

“Plant derived molecules: single compounds or cryptograms in plant-oomycete interactions?”

Apr 18, 2012 Kiana FrankGirguis Lab, Harvard

“Linking microbial ecology to metabolic activity in deep sea hydrothermal vents”

Apr 11, 2012 Peter TurnbaughHarvard

“Developing a metagenomic view of drug metabolism”

Mar 21, 2012 Scott GiffordDeLong Lab, MIT

“Resolving the niches of coastal bacterioplankton:
Growth and function signals in metatranscriptomics”

Mar 21, 2012 Jesse ShapiroSabeti Lab, Harvard

“Signatures of natural selection in microbial genomes”

Mar 14, 2012 Steve VollmerNortheastern University

“The genetics of host-pathogen interactions in disease of reef-building corals”

Feb 29, 2012 Elizabeth HallidayGast Lab, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

“Leveraging molecular methods to improve water quality monitoring at beaches”

Feb 22, 2012 Roman StockerMIT

“Chemotaxis in the Ocean”

Feb 15, 2012 Liz OttesenDeLong Lab, MIT

“Caught in the act: Time-lapse transcriptomics of marine microbial communities”

Feb 8, 2012 Eric Karsenti, EMBL & Colomban De VargasStation Biologique de Roscoff

“TARA-OCEANS: toward an eco-systemic understanding of plankton in the global ocean”

Nov 30, 2011 Marco CoolenWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution

“Holocene virus/host molecular dynamics and environmental changes in the Black Sea”

Oct 19, 2011 Paul FalkowskiRutgers

“The microbial engines that drive Earth’s biogeochemical cycles”

Sep 28, 2011 Manu TamminenAlm Lab, MIT

“Making genomics small: picoreactors, targeted sequencing and single genome barcoding”

More historical talk listings coming soon.

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And …

Hours of interviews with scientists (and others) at Web of Stories

Weekly paper discussions and interviews on all things virology at Vincent Racaniello’s This Week in Virology

Order imposed on viral diversity at Viralzone – differences in relative abundance of Baltimore classes by host type – evolution or operational bias?